What Can Cause a Bunion to Develop?
A bunion is considered to be a bone disorder that can gradually get worse. It appears as a bony protrusion on the side of the big toe, and larger shoes may need to be worn that can accommodate the growing bunion. It generally develops as a result of genetic factors, or from wearing shoes that do not have adequate room for the toes to move freely in. Additionally, existing medical conditions including flat feet and specific types of arthritis, may contribute to the development of a bunion. In severe cases, calluses may form on top of the bunion, and friction may cause this to happen. Some of the symptoms that are associated with this condition may include a numbing or burning sensation, and it may be difficult to move the affected toe. If you have signs of a bunion, it is suggested that you consult with a podiatrist who can guide you toward the correct treatment options.
What Is a Bunion?
A bunion is formed of swollen tissue or an enlargement of boney growth, usually located at the base joint of the toe that connects to the foot. The swelling occurs due to the bones in the big toe shifting inward, which impacts the other toes of the foot. This causes the area around the base of the big toe to become inflamed and painful.
Why Do Bunions Form?
Genetics – Susceptibility to bunions are often hereditary
Stress on the feet – Poorly fitted and uncomfortable footwear that places stress on feet, such as heels, can worsen existing bunions
How Are Bunions Diagnosed?
Doctors often perform two tests – blood tests and x-rays – when trying to diagnose bunions, especially in the early stages of development. Blood tests help determine if the foot pain is being caused by something else, such as arthritis, while x-rays provide a clear picture of your bone structure to your doctor.
How Are Bunions Treated?
- Refrain from wearing heels or similar shoes that cause discomfort
- Select wider shoes that can provide more comfort and reduce pain
- Anti-inflammatory and pain management drugs
- Orthotics or foot inserts
If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Boston, MA . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.