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Preventing Diabetic Foot Ulcers

Diabetics can reduce the risk of developing foot ulcers by adopting proactive foot care measures. Regularly inspecting the feet for any signs of injury, such as cuts, blisters, or redness, and promptly having any wounds checked is imperative. Maintaining proper foot hygiene, including washing and thoroughly drying the feet daily, helps prevent infections. Wearing well-fitting, supportive footwear and avoiding walking barefoot further lowers the risk of developing ulcers. Additionally, managing blood sugar levels through diet, exercise, and medication is essential for overall diabetes management and minimizing complications. The prevalence of diabetic foot ulcers is significant, with complications ranging from infections to more severe issues like gangrene, which may necessitate amputation if left untreated. Regular visits to a podiatrist for foot assessments and care are essential for diabetic individuals, with frequency determined by the severity of their condition and individual risk factors. If you have diabetes and experience foot ulcers, it is strongly suggested that you schedule an appointment with a podiatrist for treatment. 

Wound care is an important part in dealing with diabetes. If you have diabetes and a foot wound or would like more information about wound care for diabetics, consult with the podiatrists from Boston Common Podiatry. Our doctors will assess your condition and provide you with quality foot and ankle treatment.

What Is Wound Care?

Wound care is the practice of taking proper care of a wound. This can range from the smallest to the largest of wounds. While everyone can benefit from proper wound care, it is much more important for diabetics. Diabetics often suffer from poor blood circulation which causes wounds to heal much slower than they would in a non-diabetic. 

What Is the Importance of Wound Care?

While it may not seem apparent with small ulcers on the foot, for diabetics, any size ulcer can become infected. Diabetics often also suffer from neuropathy, or nerve loss. This means they might not even feel when they have an ulcer on their foot. If the wound becomes severely infected, amputation may be necessary. Therefore, it is of the upmost importance to properly care for any and all foot wounds.

How to Care for Wounds

The best way to care for foot wounds is to prevent them. For diabetics, this means daily inspections of the feet for any signs of abnormalities or ulcers. It is also recommended to see a podiatrist several times a year for a foot inspection. If you do have an ulcer, run the wound under water to clear dirt from the wound; then apply antibiotic ointment to the wound and cover with a bandage. Bandages should be changed daily and keeping pressure off the wound is smart. It is advised to see a podiatrist, who can keep an eye on it.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Boston, MA . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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Healing Time for Foot Stress Fractures

Suffering from a foot stress fracture can be frustrating and challenging, especially when it disrupts your daily activities and mobility. The healing time for a foot stress fracture can vary depending on several factors, including the severity of the fracture, your overall health, and adherence to treatment protocols. Generally, foot stress fractures take approximately six to eight weeks to heal, but in some cases, it may take longer for complete recovery. During this period, it is wise to follow your podiatrist’s recommendations diligently, which may include rest, immobilization with a cast or boot, and avoiding weight-bearing activities. Maintaining a healthy lifestyle with proper nutrition and staying hydrated can support the healing process. As tempting as it may be to return to normal activities, rushing the healing process can prolong recovery and increase the risk of re-injury. If you have a stress fracture, it is strongly suggested that you are under the care of a podiatrist who can offer you appropriate treatment options.

Activities where too much pressure is put on the feet can cause stress fractures. To learn more, contact the podiatrists from Boston Common Podiatry. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep your pain free and on your feet.

Dealing with Stress Fractures of the Foot and Ankle

Stress fractures occur in the foot and ankle when muscles in these areas weaken from too much or too little use.  The feet and ankles then lose support when walking or running from the impact of the ground. Since there is no protection, the bones receive the full impact of each step. Stress on the feet can cause cracks to form in the bones, thus creating stress fractures.

What Are Stress Fractures?

Stress fractures occur frequently in individuals whose daily activities cause great impact on the feet and ankles. Stress factors are most common among:

  • Runners                                  
  • People affected with Osteoporosis
  • Tennis or basketball players
  • Gymnasts
  • High impact workouts

Symptoms

Pain from the fractures occur in the area of the fractures and can be constant or intermittent. It will often cause sharp or dull pain with swelling and tenderness. Engaging in any kind of activity which involves high impact will aggravate pain.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Boston, MA . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

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Heel Pain Can Be Treated!

Do you suffer from heel pain when you get up in the morning? If so, you should seek the professional help of your podiatrist and have a proper diagnosis performed. Heel pain can be caused by several different foot-related conditions.

The Connection Between Obesity and Foot Pain

Obesity and foot pain often share a close relationship, intertwining in ways that impact an individual's mobility and overall quality of life. Excess weight puts undue stress on the feet, leading to various painful conditions, such as plantar fasciitis, flat feet, and osteoarthritis. The added pressure strains the muscles, tendons, and ligaments in the feet, causing discomfort and limiting movement. Furthermore, obesity can complicate existing foot issues, making them more difficult to manage and treat. The structural changes in the feet due to excess weight can alter the distribution of pressure and impact the biomechanics of walking, leading to chronic pain and discomfort. Addressing obesity through lifestyle modifications, including a balanced diet and regular exercise, can significantly alleviate foot pain and improve overall foot health. Losing weight reduces the load on the feet, allowing them to function more efficiently and with less strain. Additionally, incorporating low-impact exercises, such as swimming or cycling, can help strengthen the muscles surrounding the feet and promote better support and stability. If you are overweight and have foot pain, it is suggested that you consult a podiatrist who can offer you effective management and relief tips.

Obesity has become very problematic at this point in time and can have extremely negative effects on the feet. If you’re an obese individual and are concerned about your feet, contact the podiatrists from Boston Common Podiatry. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Obesity and Your Feet

Since your feet are what support your entire weight when standing, any additional weight can result in pain and swelling. Being overweight is one of the main contributors to foot complications.

Problems & Complications

Extra Weight – Even putting on just a few extra pounds could create serious complications for your feet. As your weight increases, your balance and body will shift, creating new stresses on your feet. This uneven weight distribution can cause pain, even while doing the simplest tasks, such as walking.

Diabetes – People who are overweight are at serious risk of developing type-2 diabetes, which has a drastic impact on the health of your feet. As you get older, your diabetes might worsen, which could lead to loss of feeling in your feet, sores, and bruises. You could also become more prone to various infections.

Plantar fasciitis – Pressure and stress that is placed on muscles, joints, and tendons can trigger plantar fasciitis, which is an inflammation of tissue that forms along the bottom of the foot. 

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Boston, MA . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

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Two Types of Heel Spurs

Heel spurs, bony protrusions that form on the underside of the heel bone, are a common source of heel pain for many individuals. There are two primary types of heel spurs, which are known as posterior and inferior. Posterior heel spurs develop at the back of the heel where the Achilles tendon attaches to the bone. They often result from chronic strain or inflammation of the Achilles tendon, commonly seen in athletes or individuals with tight calf muscles. Conversely, inferior heel spurs form underneath the heel, typically near the plantar fascia ligament's attachment point. This type of spur is frequently associated with plantar fasciitis, a condition characterized by inflammation of the plantar fascia due to excessive stress or strain. Both types of heel spurs can cause significant discomfort and may require intervention to alleviate pain and restore mobility. Understanding the differences between these two types can aid in accurate diagnosis and tailored treatment approaches for individuals experiencing heel pain. If you have heel pain, it is strongly suggested that you consult a podiatrist who can diagnose a heel spur, determine what type it is, and offer correct relief and treatment methods.

Heel spurs can be incredibly painful and sometimes may make you unable to participate in physical activities. To get medical care for your heel spurs, contact the podiatrists from Boston Common Podiatry. Our doctors will do everything possible to treat your condition.

Heels Spurs

Heel spurs are formed by calcium deposits on the back of the foot where the heel is. This can also be caused by small fragments of bone breaking off one section of the foot, attaching onto the back of the foot. Heel spurs can also be bone growth on the back of the foot and may grow in the direction of the arch of the foot.

Older individuals usually suffer from heel spurs and pain sometimes intensifies with age. One of the main condition's spurs are related to is plantar fasciitis.

Pain

The pain associated with spurs is often because of weight placed on the feet. When someone is walking, their entire weight is concentrated on the feet. Bone spurs then have the tendency to affect other bones and tissues around the foot. As the pain continues, the feet will become tender and sensitive over time.

Treatments

There are many ways to treat heel spurs. If one is suffering from heel spurs in conjunction with pain, there are several methods for healing. Medication, surgery, and herbal care are some options.

If you have any questions feel free to contact our office located in Boston, MA . We offer the latest in diagnostic and treatment technology to meet your needs.

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Symptoms of a Broken Foot

A broken foot, medically referred to as a foot fracture, occurs when one or more bones in the foot are cracked or fractured. The foot comprises multiple bones, including the metatarsals, phalanges, and tarsals, making it susceptible to fractures from trauma, overuse, or stress injuries. Common symptoms of a broken foot can include pain, swelling, bruising, and difficulty bearing weight on the affected foot. In severe cases, the broken bone may protrude through the skin, indicating an open fracture requiring immediate medical attention. Depending on the location and severity of the fracture, symptoms may vary, ranging from mild discomfort to severe pain and deformity. It is essential to seek medical evaluation if you suspect a broken foot, as untreated fractures can lead to complications such as chronic pain, arthritis, and impaired mobility. If you have endured a broken foot, it is suggested that you seek medical attention from a podiatrist who can determine the severity, and offer the treatment method that is right for you.

A broken foot requires immediate medical attention and treatment. If you need your feet checked, contact the podiatrists from Boston Common Podiatry. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Broken Foot Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

A broken foot is caused by one of the bones in the foot typically breaking when bended, crushed, or stretched beyond its natural capabilities. Usually the location of the fracture indicates how the break occurred, whether it was through an object, fall, or any other type of injury. 

Common Symptoms of Broken Feet:

  • Bruising
  • Pain
  • Redness
  • Swelling
  • Blue in color
  • Numbness
  • Cold
  • Misshapen
  • Cuts
  • Deformities

Those that suspect they have a broken foot shoot seek urgent medical attention where a medical professional could diagnose the severity.

Treatment for broken bones varies depending on the cause, severity and location. Some will require the use of splints, casts or crutches while others could even involve surgery to repair the broken bones. Personal care includes the use of ice and keeping the foot stabilized and elevated.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Boston, MA . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

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Reminder: When Was the Last Time...?

Custom orthotics, or shoe inserts, should be periodically replaced. Orthotics must fit properly to give you the best results. Protect your feet and ankles!

Possible Reasons for Sudden Heel Pain

Sudden heel pain without swelling can stem from various underlying conditions, each presenting its own set of challenges. Bursitis, an inflammation of the bursa sacs that cushion the heel, can cause sharp pain and tenderness, especially with movement or pressure. Similarly, heel neuritis, or Baxter's neuritis, involves irritation or compression of the nerves around the heel. This condition results in shooting or burning pain that is often worsened by walking or standing. Additionally, plantar fasciitis, characterized by inflammation of the plantar fascia ligament, commonly triggers stabbing pain in the heel, particularly during the first steps after waking or prolonged periods of rest. These conditions can arise due to overuse, improper footwear, biomechanical issues, or sudden trauma to the heel. If you have developed heel pain, it is strongly suggested that you seek the counsel of a podiatrist who can determine the cause and offer appropriate treatment measures.

Many people suffer from bouts of heel pain. For more information, contact the podiatrists of Boston Common Podiatry. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Causes of Heel Pain

Heel pain is often associated with plantar fasciitis. The plantar fascia is a band of tissues that extends along the bottom of the foot. A rip or tear in this ligament can cause inflammation of the tissue.

Achilles tendonitis is another cause of heel pain. Inflammation of the Achilles tendon will cause pain from fractures and muscle tearing. Lack of flexibility is also another symptom.

Heel spurs are another cause of pain. When the tissues of the plantar fascia undergo a great deal of stress, it can lead to ligament separation from the heel bone, causing heel spurs.

Why Might Heel Pain Occur?

  • Wearing ill-fitting shoes                  
  • Wearing non-supportive shoes
  • Weight change           
  • Excessive running

Treatments

Heel pain should be treated as soon as possible for immediate results. Keeping your feet in a stress-free environment will help. If you suffer from Achilles tendonitis or plantar fasciitis, applying ice will reduce the swelling. Stretching before an exercise like running will help the muscles. Using all these tips will help make heel pain a condition of the past.

If you have any questions please contact our office located in Boston, MA . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

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Taking Care of Your Toddler's Feet

Children's feet require vigilant care during their formative years, due to their soft and pliable nature. Encouraging toddlers to walk barefoot indoors fosters natural foot growth and toe dexterity. It is essential to regularly assess shoe fit, aiming for about half an inch of growing room between the longest toe and the tip of the shoe. Experts suggest measuring their feet and adjusting shoe size every three to six months to accommodate growth. While common walking patterns, such as flat feet or in-toeing, typically resolve on their own, it is suggested you consult a podiatrist if your child experiences persistent issues or discomfort. Avoid hand me down shoes to ensure proper support and fit tailored to each child's unique foot structure. Watch for signs such as frequent tripping, pain, or reluctance to participate in activities, as they may indicate underlying foot concerns that require medical attention. For guidance on your child's foot development or to address any emerging concerns, it is suggested that you schedule an appointment with a podiatrist for a thorough exam and appropriate treatment as needed.

Making sure that your children maintain good foot health is very important as they grow. If you have any questions, contact the podiatrists of Boston Common Podiatry. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Keeping Children's Feet Healthy

Having healthy feet during childhood can help prevent medical problems later in life, namely in the back and legs. As children grow, their feet require different types of care. Here are some things to consider...

Although babies do not walk yet, it is still very important to take care of their feet.

Avoid putting tight shoes or socks on his or her feet.

Allow the baby to stretch and kick his or her feet to feel comfortable.

As a toddler, kids are now on the move and begin to develop differently. At this age, toddlers are getting a feel for walking, so don’t be alarmed if your toddler is unsteady or ‘walks funny’. 

As your child gets older, it is important to teach them how to take care of their feet.

Show them proper hygiene to prevent infections such as fungus.

Be watchful for any pain or injury.

Have all injuries checked by a doctor as soon as possible.

Comfortable, protective shoes should always be worn, especially at play.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Boston, MA . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

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Differentiating Between Foot Stress Fractures and Stress Reaction

Foot injuries are common among athletes and individuals engaged in high-impact activities, but understanding the difference between a stress reaction and a fracture is critical for proper diagnosis and treatment. A stress reaction, also known as a stress response, occurs when the bones of the foot undergo repetitive stress without adequate time for recovery, resulting in microscopic damage to the bone. Symptoms include localized pain and swelling, particularly during activity, which typically improves with rest. In contrast, a fracture involves a complete or partial break in the bone due to sudden trauma or excessive force. Fractures often present with more severe pain, swelling, bruising, and sometimes deformity at the site of injury. While stress reactions may not always be visible on imaging tests like X-rays, fractures typically show up clearly. If you have foot pain, and feel it may be a stress fracture, it is suggested that you visit a podiatrist as quickly as possible who can guide you toward appropriate treatment options.

Stress fractures occur when there is a tiny crack within a bone. To learn more, contact the podiatrists from Boston Common Podiatry. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain free and on your feet.

How Are They Caused?

Stress fractures are the result of repetitive force being placed on the bone. Since the lower leg and feet often carry most of the body’s weight, stress fractures are likely to occur in these areas. If you rush into a new exercise, you are more likely to develop a stress fracture since you are starting too much, too soon.  Pain resulting from stress fractures may go unnoticed at first, however it may start to worsen over time.

Risk Factors

  • Gender – They are more commonly found in women compared to men.
  • Foot Problems – People with unusual arches in their feet are more likely to develop stress fractures.
  • Certain Sports – Dancers, gymnasts, tennis players, runners, and basketball players are more likely to develop stress fractures.
  • Lack of Nutrients – A lack of vitamin D and calcium may weaken the bones and make you more prone to stress fractures
  • Weak Bones – Osteoporosis can weaken the bones therefore resulting in stress fractures

Stress fractures do not always heal properly, so it is important that you seek help from a podiatrist if you suspect you may have one. Ignoring your stress fracture may cause it to worsen, and you may develop chronic pain as well as additional fractures.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Boston, MA . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

Read more about Dealing with Stress Fractures of the Foot and Ankle
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